1.PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT

"Personality Development is a concept which has gained currency in the last few decades. The concept has its roots in the need of making better, mature human beings. It helps people understand themselves- and their strengths and weaknesses- and to form right attitude towards the life, society, career and so on. The individual who has right attitude towards problems will always accept them courageously and tries to find solutions from the constructive side. Class X students are adolescents; they are sensitive to so many things in their surroundings. It is hoped that they draw inspiration from the cases of people who struggled with adversities and finally succeeded. More than anything, the very concept ‘Personality Development’ helps the learners take successes and failures as matters –of – fact. The present society witnesses absence of courage, presence of greed among certain people. It is envisaged that this unit will give the exposure to a science of living."

Part-A: Attitude is Altitude

Nick Vujicic is born cripple. Trunk and head are his body. But because of his attitude, he was able to overcome all the hurdles successfully. He swims, surfs, writes and does many things. Today he is a ray of hope to the world of differently abled. He has many admirers across the world.

Part-B: Every Success Story Is also Story of Great Failures

It throws light into inspiring history of inventors, politicians who faced a series of miserable failures and who were ridiculed by the society for being so determined. Some of these people include Abraham Lincoln, Wright brothers, etc.

Part-C: I Will Do It

This is the story of an IIT aspirant. He worked hard and succeeded in getting a seat in the much coveted institute. But he could not join the institute as the family was not able to pay for his studies. Even then he didn’t get discouraged. He continued his valiant battle with adversity. Now he is a towering personality in the field of Information Technology. It is none other than Narayana Murthy of Infosys.

Glossary

  • Skateboard (n) : a short narrow board with small wheels at each end, which you stand on and ride as a sport
  • Surf (v): to take part in the sport of riding on waves on a surfboard
  • Torso (n) : the main part of the body, not including the head, arms, or legs
  • Chicken drumstick (n)  : the lower part of the leg of a chicken or other bird that is cooked  and eaten as food
  • Club (n): a heavy stick with one end thicker than the other
  • Propeller (n) : a device with two or more blades that turn quickly and cause a ship or an aircraft to move forward
  • Adversity (n) : a difficulty or unpleasant situation
  • Overcome (v) : To defeat or succeed in controlling or dealing with something
  • Detour (n) : a road or route that is used when the usual one is closed
  • Triodes tube (n) : A triode is an electronic amplification tube having three active electrodes.
  • Lee de Forest : an American inventor with over 180 patents to his credit. He invented the Auden, a vacuum tube that takes relatively weak  electrical signals and amplifies them.
  • Fraudulent (adj) : intended to cheat someone, usually in order to make money illegally
  • Colonel Sanders : Colonel Harland David Sanders was an American businessman and restaurateur who  founded the Kentucky Fried Chicken  (KFC) chain restaurants
  • Beat-up (adj) : old and damaged
  • Walt Disney: an American animator, film producer, director, screenwriter,  voice actor, entrepreneur, entertainer, international icon and philanthropist, well known for his influence in the field of  entertainment during the 20th century.
  • Infest (v): to exist in large numbers in a particular place, often causing damage or disease (especially of insects or animals such as rats)
  • Henry Ford: an American industrialist, the founder of the Ford Motor  company, and sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production.
  • Lee Iacocca : an American Business man known for engineering the Ford Mustang and Ford Pinto cars. Ludwig van Beethoven: a German composer and pianist. He was a crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music.
  • Nepolian Hill: an American author in the area of the new thought movement who was one of the earliest producers of the modern genre of Personal-success literature.
  • Conceive (n): to form an idea, a plan, etc. in your mind; to imagine something Socrates (469 BC - 399 BC): a classical Greek Athenian philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western Philosophy.
  • Ducked (v): to push somebody under water and hold them there for a short time
  • Cinch (n) : a thing that is certain to happen
  • Outclassed (v) : to be much better than someone you are competing against
  • Man dap (n): a raised platform
  • D-Day (n): a date on which something important is expected to happen.(From the name given to June 6, 1944, the day on which the U.S.,British, and other armies landed on the beaches of northern France in the Second World War.)
  • Icon (n): a famous person or thing that people admire and see as a symbol of a particular idea, way of life, etc
  • Philanthropist (n): One who devotes his service or wealth for the love of mankind

Idioms, Phrases and Phrasal Verbs

  • Kick down (phr.v): strike forcibly with the foot
  • Medical explanation : cause stated by medical science
  • Cruel trick (phr) : very sad and unfortunate thing happened by fate
  • Got into (phr.v) : started doing or enjoying something/ became involved in
  • Run over (phr.v.): hit someone or something with something (a vehicle, challenge
  • Freak out (phr.v.): Make someone upset / shock 
  • Speed off (phr.v) : left (leave) quickly in a vehicle or on a bicycle
  • Bounced back (phr.v): recovered quickly after a defeat or a failure / improved / started to be successful again
  • The driving force (idiom): a person or a thing that motivates or directs someone
  • Turning blue (idiom): becoming exhausted
  • set in (phr.v) : begin/ start
  • drive over them Give me (somebody) the eye (idiom): look at someone in a way that communicates romantic interest after a failure

Synonyms

  • Propel                               : drive, force, impel, push, urge
  • Adversity                         : hardship, difficulty, danger, misfortune
  • Perseverance                  : insistence, firmness, determination
  • Overcome                        : beat, choke, conquer, crush, defeat
  • Gasp                                  : catch, clash, seize, hold
  • Aspiration                       : aim, ambition, craving, longing
  • Jealousy                           : covetous, envious, suspicious

Antonyms

  • Adversity             x  prosperity
  • Triumph               x  defeat
  •  Strengthen        x  weaken
  • Humility               x  arrogance
  • Introvert              x  extrovert