Discourses

PAPER-I (SEEN)
MAJOR DISCOURSES
MINOR DISCOURSES
Story/Narrative
Message
Conversation

Interview





PAPER-II (UnSEEN)
MAJOR DISCOURSES
MINOR DISCOURSES
Report / News Report


 



DISCOURSES - Features & Indicators
CONVERSATIONS: contains dialogues with five to ten exchanges - proper sequence of  exchanges sustaining the conversation with social norms - discourse markers (well, precisely, etc.) - dialogues apt to the context - appropriate cohesive devises - voice modulation.

DESCRIPTIONS: description of objects/ things/ persons creating vivid images - variety of sentence forms - proper sequence of the ideas - personal reflections on the event or person- appropriate cohesive devices.

POEMS/SONGS: suitable structural patterns – rhyme scheme – specific patterns (rhythm/ structure/ meter/ music/ theme etc.) - expressing emotions and reflections – use of images, thoughts and feelings - use of figures of speech - assonance and alliteration -point of view.

NARRATIVE/STORY: sequence of events and dialogues – evoking of sensory perceptions and emotions - images, setting and other details - use characterization – coherence - point of view.

DIARY ENTRY: expression of personal reflections, thoughts and feelings – use of variety of sentences- use of language appropriate to the mood - self criticism and future plans - point of view- coherence

LETTER WRITING: appropriate language to the context - appropriate format, layout and conventions expressing ideas sequentially - use of persuasive language - maintaining coherence.

MESSAGE/E-MAIL/SMS: relevant ideas to the context – maintaining brevity – use of conventions, layout and format – appropriate language to the content and context.

NOTICE/POSTER/INVITATION: occasions and purposes showing the context details of venue, date, time, salutation, invitation, programme - persuasive language - organisation, layout and design –maintaining brevity – design and graphics – rhythm in language (for ads).

SLOGANS/PLACARDS: appropriate to the context - maintaining brevity and rhythm.

PLAY/SKIT: dialogues relevant to the context with emotions and feelings - stage directions, movements and settings - dramatic conflict: beginning, rising actions and ending – reference to costumes and props – dramatization - theatrical performance like dialogue delivery, actions, stage sense, costumes, etc..

COMPERING: arrangement of the programme sequentially as required by the context – presenting the background - highlighting the persons and the events - reviews and reflections relevant to the context – use of polite and entertaining expressions - following the conventions of the stage - use of spontaneous language in a lively manner – modulation of voice in an appealing way.

CHOREOGRAPHY: identification of the main theme and stanza wise themes - bringing out a single and multiple themes - identification and sequences of actions of the protagonists (main characters) – identification and sequence of actions of the chorus – maintaining proper layout of script – performance of the actions of the protagonist and the chorus.